How to Grow a Sweet Potato Plant in a Hot Climate

  • By: Hans
  • Date: September 11, 2022
  • Time to read: 3 min.

how to grow a sweet potato plant

In hot climates, growing sweet potatoes may be a challenge. There are many ways to grow them. These tips include watering, fertilizing and controlling weeds. These are the top tips for growing sweet potatoes. Learn how to control weeds in hot climates.

Growing sweet potatoes in a hot climate

Growing sweet potatoes in a hot climate requires some special considerations. The first is soil quality. Sweet potatoes prefer well-drained soils with high organic matter. They also prefer a sandy soil rather than a dense clay soil. The second is plant spacing. Sweet potatoes need to be planted about three feet apart.

Sweet potatoes grow very large so they need lots of space. They should be kept out of direct sunlight. Once they are ready to be harvested you can remove them from their vines. Once you’re done, you need to roll the rows to create gaps between them. You can use a digging fork to help you with the process.

Controlling weeds

There are many ways to control weeds in sweet potato plants. There are many options. The first option is to prevent weeds from emerging at all by applying a herbicide before the first potato leaves appear. Some herbicides are more effective than others, depending on the type of weeds present. Linuron, for example, is effective against pre-emergent broadleaved weevils. Nevertheless, you should apply linuron before the first leaves of the potato appear. In addition, linuron is also effective when used in combination with other herbicides, such as paraquat or glufosinate-ammonium.

You should use weed-killing herbicides as well as other types of weedicides to control your field. These include yellow nutsedges, purple nutsedges, and rice flatsedge. These weeds spread underground through rhizomes, and then reproduce by producing tubers. They can reach a density of up to 210 shoots per square meter in 6 months.

Fertilizing

Fertilizing sweet potato plants requires knowing the exact proportion of nutrients in your soil. A soil test will help you determine the amount of nutrients in your soil and which nutrients you can add to it. However, if you are growing your sweet potato plants in your garden without any soil study, you should err on the side of caution and feed them less fertilizer than they require. Sweet potato plants should be fed one to two pounds of NPK fertilizer for every square foot of soil.

The study revealed that nitrogen fertilization led to an increase in sweet potato plant yields and chemical constituents. It also increased the amount of photosynthesis pigments in the leaves. The resulting crops also produced more sugar and reducing sugars.

Watering

Sweet potatoes are an annual of warm season that requires moderate amounts of water and moderate nutrients. They can benefit from organic matter and fertilizer applied to the soil prior to planting. Sweet potatoes are native to South America’s tropical regions. They do not tolerate very dry weather and will produce new shoots after soil temperatures reach 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Planting in ridges will help the soil warm up faster in spring. This improves drainage and allows roots to spread out, making harvesting easier. Sweet potatoes thrive in light soil, but they can also be grown in heavier soils. They require full sun and at most eight hours of direct sunlight per day.

Sweet potato sprouts should be about 6 inches long. To sprout a sweet potato, start with a healthy medium-sized root. Place the root in a quart-sized jar filled with water. Place the jar under a grow light or on a seed germination mat to increase the sprouting process. The sprouts will be able to grow roots within a week or so and can then be planted in the ground. After planting, water the roots and the soil around them. To ensure healthy growth, you should check the sprouts every few days.

Harvesting

Sweet potato is an excellent vegetable to grow in your backyard or vegetable garden. They are a warm-weather crop that can be grown in both tropical and temperate climates. They can be classified as either dry or moist, with the moist variety more popular among home gardeners. The sweet potato plant is more difficult than other vegetables.

Because you can easily follow the vines, harvesting sweet potatoes is much easier when you have them on a trellis. Sweet potatoes are delicate and should be treated with care.

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