You’ve come to a good place if you want to know how to grow Fennel. This article contains information on how to plant fennel and harvest its leaves. This article also explains how to fertilize Fennel. Fennel is a perennial, but it will require a hardy area.
Harvesting fennel leaves
Fennel leaves are harvested at various times during the growing season. Harvesting them early increases the harvest. You can dry the leaves if you don’t want to use them. Leave the bunches to dry in a cool place for at least a week. You can also dry the seeds.
Harvesting fennel bulbs is simple, but requires a sharp knife or garden shears. Cut the bulb about 2.5 to 5cm above the soil surface. It should be between three and five inches in diameter. Next, remove the bulb from the roots.
Harvesting fennel leaves begins when the bulb has grown to about the size of a tennis ball. It can be harvested when it is about 90 days after sowing. The fronds can also be harvested as soon as they become large enough to resemble tennis balls. However, if you wait until it grows past 125 days, the bulb won’t taste as good as you want it to.
Planting fennel as a perennial depends on your hardiness zone
Fennel is a tough perennial and is a good choice for gardens that don’t experience harsh winters. It produces huge amounts of seed, so be sure to cut off the spent flower heads to prevent them from self-seeding and becoming invasive. You can also store the bulb in an airtight plastic bag for up to a week.
Fennel grows best in moderately acidic or neutral soil. It prefers a pH of 5.5 to 6.8. It may need an organic matter amendment if the soil is compacted. It may also need to be watered regularly. You should not overwater the plant as it can develop root rot.
Once you have chosen a spot for your fennel plants it is time to plant them. Fennel can also be propagated if you don’t already have a garden. This is a difficult process because fennel doesn’t like it.
This plant needs to be fertilized to grow faster. Fennel can be propagated in many ways. One method is to divide the roots of an existing fennel plant and transplant it into the soil. But the method may not be effective if you don’t have enough soil for the plant to grow properly.
After the fennel bulb has been planted, the soil must be moistened and drained. It should also be slightly acidic. Fennel thrives in soil pH 5.5 to 7. Adding lime or fertilizer with the right N-P-K numbers to the soil can help raise the pH level.
Once the plant has established, you can fertilize it with a balanced liquid fertilizer. You don’t need to apply much, just half of the recommended amount. A fertilizer that contains at least 20 percent compost is good enough for the fennel plant. The plant can be side-dressed twice with compost or aged manure. Fertilize fennel every four to six weeks to maintain the plant’s health.
Harvesting fennel bulbs
Harvesting fennel bulbs is as easy as cutting them from the plant. Once you have picked them, rinse them well with water and store in the refrigerator. They can be kept in the refrigerator for several weeks. If you want to use them sooner, you can save them in an airtight plastic bag. However, if you do not use them immediately, they will lose their flavor.
Fennel plants can be affected by a variety of diseases and pests. The most common pest is aphids. This disease isn’t too severe and can be easily controlled with insecticidal soap. Fungus problems are less likely, but you can treat the plants to prevent powdery mildew and downy mildew.
After 90 days of planting, fennel bulbs are ready to be harvested. When the plant reaches its prime, the leaves can be picked as well. The bulb of fennel will grow to about two to three feet in length and is typically about the same size as a tennis ball. The bulb is edible, but not very tasty.
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