How to Grow Peppers

  • By: Hans
  • Date: September 10, 2022
  • Time to read: 4 min.

how to grow peppers

There are some things you should know about growing peppers. For example, peppers need to be watered daily. The soil should be moist, but not soggy. Water your peppers in the morning to prevent soil from getting too wet.

Spacing

When planting peppers, spacing is crucial. A good harvest will be assured by spacing pepper plants evenly. This will also help to prevent other plants from competing with you for nutrients and space. A healthy harvest is possible by spacing pepper plants 18-24 inches apart, especially in winter.

Pepper plants have a deep root bed that is at least as wide as the widest part of the above-ground portion of the plant. To move a pepper tree, carefully remove a corner from its root bed. To pull the roots out, move a trowel forward and up. Once you have removed the roots, you can move your plant to the desired place and trim some of the leaves to make room between your plants.

Pollinators

There are many ways to get pollinators to visit your pepper plants. One way to encourage pollinators to visit pepper plants is to manually pollinate them with a soft-tipped tool. The Sandia Seed Company suggests using a clean paintbrush and gently brushing the tip of the flower against the anthers and pistils. You can also use an electric toothbrush to vibrate the flower in a manner similar to a bee’s wings. The vibration will encourage pollen to be released.

Another method is to add a small water source to encourage pollinators. A small water source is an excellent way to attract bees to your plant. However, do not plant pepper plants too close to each other. This will prevent proper air circulation, and will also make bigger plants shade the smaller ones.

Fertilizer

Fertilizer for growing peppers should be applied about two weeks after the pepper seeds germinate. Before transplanting the seedlings into the garden, a light fertilizer should be applied at half strength. Pepper fertilizer should not be applied directly to the plants because it can burn the leaves. Spread the fertilizer around the plants, making sure it is not too moist. This can promote diseases.

Mulch should be added around pepper plants after fertilization. Chopped-up leaves and grass clippings are ideal mulches. Mulching helps keep the soil cool and reduces weed growth. If you have pepper plants in pots, make sure to stake them. You could end up with heavy plants that are unable to stand on their own.

In-ground vs. container growing

The location is an important decision when growing peppers. Some varieties will flourish in partial shade while others will do best in full sun. The peppers love warm weather but can become too hot if the soil becomes too dry. To keep peppers evenly moist, apply mulch to retain moisture and stop weeds growing. Peppers should be fertilized early in the season with a weak solution of fertilizer. Too much nitrogen will result in excessive foliage, which is not desirable for peppers.

To thrive, pepper plants require six hours of direct sun per day. They should be planted in an area where the temperature isn’t below 70 degrees. If you are growing peppers indoors, make sure to use grow lights to provide ample light and keep the soil from getting too hot.

Disease resistant varieties

When you are looking for a pepper variety, you want to make sure it is disease resistant. Many pepper varieties are susceptible to diseases, including Phytophthora, which can wipe out entire crops. Thankfully, plant breeders have worked hard to deliver disease resistant varieties to gardeners. The resistant varieties are more likely to survive the disease and will produce higher yields.

Ace, for example, produced the largest amount of peppers but they were small. Archimedes and Currier produced the least, but they were large. Lady Bell produced more peppers than Ace, but not nearly as much. The resistant varieties will produce larger peppers.

Planting in a south-facing windowsill

A south-facing window is a great place to plant peppers. This will extend their growing season. Peppers need at least six hours of direct sunlight per day to grow well. It is important to turn the plants frequently to prevent them from growing leggy. In addition, they should be placed in direct sunlight once the temperature reaches 60 degrees Fahrenheit.

If you do not have a south-facing window, consider starting pepper seedlings indoors. You can place them in a dark closet, if the window does not provide sufficient light. The room temperature is fine during the day. At night, it drops to 70 degrees.

Harvesting immature peppers

Depending on the variety, peppers are typically harvested at their immature green stage between 10 and 40 days after flowering. For example, the traditional bell pepper is harvested when it’s green. This is before the seeds harden and the fruit turns red, orange, or white. Similar to the bell pepper, shishito peppers can be harvested in their immature green stage before they turn red. Harvesting them at an early stage can prevent over-ripening, which could lead to bitter tasting fruits.

Harvesting immature peppers can be beneficial for the plant as it encourages the production and growth of more flowers. While slightly immature peppers may not be as sweet as fully ripe peppers, they’re still edible. The seeds in immature peppers are not fully developed and should not be saved for planting again. You can also allow the first peppers to ripen on the plant before harvesting the next peppers.

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