How to Plant Apple Trees

  • By: Hans
  • Date: September 11, 2022
  • Time to read: 4 min.

how to plant apple trees

If you are wondering how to plant apple trees, you are certainly not alone. The procedure of planting an apple tree is not difficult and can be done by almost everyone. To ensure success, you only need to follow a few steps. You should also be aware of the importance of pruning fruiting spurs. In addition, you should also consider the pH of the soil, and you should add nutrients to it.

Pruning fruiting spurs

Pruning fruiting spurs is important when planting and caring for new apple trees. In general, you should remove a minimum of 20% of the new growth from the tree. If you have a mature tree you can remove more. This will allow you prune the spurs while still maintaining a healthy crop.

Pruning is a complicated task that takes time and education. If you don’t know anything about pruning apple trees, you could potentially make things worse by cutting off too many of the young, tender shoots. It’s also risky for your tree, because it will create wounds that will attract disease. Wrong pruning can also lead to a decrease in fruit yield. Excessive pruning will also increase the rate at which the bark is exposed to sunlight, which can lead to diseases and insect attack.

Proper spacing

To encourage cross pollination, it is important that apple trees are planted in the right spacing. It is recommended that full-size trees be planted at least 15 feet apart. Dwarfing rootstock trees should be planted at least four feet apart. The distance between apple trees also depends on the species. Trees with full-size rootstock need to be at least 18 feet from each other.

Apple trees should be planted in full sun with good soil drainage. However, they should not be planted in heavy clay soil, as it can cause root rot disease. Apple trees also need adequate air circulation to grow properly. Low-lying areas can trap cold air, so planting trees in higher areas will help the cold air move away from the trees.

pH of the soil

Soil pH is a critical factor to consider when planting apple trees. Apple trees grow best in soil that is neutral or slightly acidic. A pH range of 6.5 to 7.0 is ideal for healthy, strong tree growth. You can adjust the soil’s pH by adding a small amount lime or calcium carbonate. Lime moves slowly through soil, so you need to wait for a while before you see any effects.

A pH meter can be used to test the pH of soil. Simply place the probe in a small amount damp soil. Another option is to use paper test strips. Dip the strips into the soil and wait for a colour change. The soil’s pH can be determined using a colour chart.

Add nutrients to soil

Before planting your apple trees, prepare the soil for the tree’s growth by adding organic materials. These organic materials are called fertilizers. You can either buy commercially-made organic fertilizers or synthetic fertilizers. Organic fertilizers are typically made from food scraps, manure or other trusted local sources. They add nutrients to the soil without harming the tree.

To grow and produce apples, apple trees need to have nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Those nutrients are essential for a healthy tree, and they need to be replaced regularly in the soil. The best time to fertilize apple trees is when the soil is still able to be worked in the spring. However, be aware that some regions have restrictions regarding fertilization during specific times of the year.

Mulching

Mulching apple trees in the spring and summer is a great way of protecting new growth. Mulching also prevents grass and weeds from growing around the tree’s base. Young trees need a weed-free area at the base of their tree to ensure strong roots. If grass and other weeds are allowed around the tree’s base, they will compete for nutrients and moisture.

A few things to consider before mulching your apple trees include the type of mulch you’ll use. Mulch can contain seed or grain, which can lead to weed problems. Some are chemically treated, so you must be sure to read the label.

Chickens are good partners

Adding chickens to your orchard is an excellent way to protect your fruit trees from insect pests. These little creatures will scratch the soil around your trees and eat leaf buds. While they can be a nuisance, they will not hurt your trees once they reach their second or third year.

You can either fence them in or place large stones near your trees to keep chickens out. Be sure to allow enough space for water to reach the trees’ base. You may also want to plant a chicken-friendly edible cover crop. This will not only improve the soil in your orchard but also provide more nutritious food for your chickens. Although chickens can produce their own vitamin C, it is a good idea not to feed them citrus or other plants that contain excessive amounts of this vitamin.

Watering

When you plant your apple trees, it is important to water them properly. Excess water will damage your trees, as it depletes the soil of oxygen and prevents the roots from absorbing necessary minerals. This will leave your trees susceptible to rot and infections. Instead, it’s best to keep a minimum amount of water available for each season.

Water your apple trees every week. While they don’t need much water in the long run, they may require extra water in droughts and other periods of limited rainfall. An inch of water a week is sufficient for many apple trees, but plants that are in their first season may need more.

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