Nelumbo nucifera

  • By: Mercedes
  • Date: September 2, 2022
  • Time to read: 7 min.


The Nelumbo Nucifera flower adds beauty and elegance to any garden. It is also known as the lotus flower. This flower is native to Asia, and has been revered in many cultures for hundreds of years. They are large, white flowers with delicate circles of petals around a central cup. A cup often contains water which reflects light and creates stunning effects.

The summer is when lotus flowers bloom, and can be found in ponds or other bodies of water. Lotus flowers are not only beautiful, but also have medicinal properties. Traditional Chinese medicine has used the petals and seeds of lotus flowers for centuries to treat many ailments. The beauty and many benefits of the lotus flower are still highly prized today.

Nelumbo Nucifera

Because of its beauty and divine symbolism, the sacred lotus (Nelumbo Nucifera), is an aquatic plant that has been grown for thousands of years. It is the national flower in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam and Vietnam. The seeds can survive for an extraordinary amount of time. 1300-year-old sacred lotus seeds from northeastern China were found to have germinated. Although sacred lotuses were thought to be associated with water lilies, molecular research has shown that they actually belong to plane trees (Platanus and Protea).

Although it thrives in warmer climates, this plant is quite adaptable. For it to thrive, it needs water temperatures between 23-27 degrees Celsius for at least five months. However, in warmer climates it can become invasive. The sacred lotus, a resilient and beautiful plant, has been revered in cultures all over the globe for millennia.

Description

Nelumbo nucifera is a perennial aquatic plant, also known by Sacred Lotus and Indian Lotus. It is native to Australia and parts of Asia. The large, peltate-shaped leaves of the plant give it its common name. They float above the water’s surface and are supported by petioles that measure 1-2 meters long. The soft green to blue-green leaves can grow up to 20 to 90 cm in diameter.

The leaf edge is corrugated and intact, with a depression at the junction of the leaf blade and petiole. The veins radiate from this central point towards the leaf margin. Nelumbo nucifera is not only known for its beautiful leaves but also its fragrant flowers that bloom in a variety colors, including yellow, white, and pink. The Sacred Lotus is a popular choice in aquascaping and ornamental ponds because of its beautiful flowers.

Beautiful lotus flowers are found in the marshy regions of Asia. It has large, pink or white petals with a yellow centre. It also has the unique hydrophobic property known as the lotus effect. This is because water literally glides off leaves and brings dirt along, making them self-cleaning.

The lotus flowers are 10 to 23 cm in diameter, and have long peduncles. The receptacle, a cone-shaped inverted object measuring 5-10 cm in size, is cylindrical in shape. The fruit is hung head down when the seeds have reached maturity. The lotus is a unique and beautiful flower that has adapted well to its marshy habitat.

Use

The lotus plant, a symbol of purity and enlightenment in Hinduism or Buddhism, is often referred to as a sacred symbol. The plant can grow in muddy waters and produce beautiful white flowers that float to the surface. The large, paddle-shaped leaves are distinctive. The flowers also have a distinct seedpod. The lotus plant is also known as Nelumbo nucifera, and is found in Asia.

The lotus represents the East and summer in China. In India, it is symbolic of inner peace and spiritual awakening. The leaves and flowers are used in traditional medicine. The lotus is now grown for ornamental purposes all over the globe. It’s a very popular plant for water gardens and its beautiful flowers make it an attractive addition to any floral arrangement.

  1. Culinary: Flowers, seeds, rhizomes, and young leaves can be eaten. Older leaves can be used to wrap food, but they are not edible.
  2. Medicinal: Every part of a plant has been used medicinally at least 1 500 years.
  3. Decorative: The sacred lotus has been grown for millennia to preserve its beauty.
  4. Religion: The lotus is a symbol of beauty, purity and divinity in Buddhism. The sacred lotus is a Hindu symbol for the sun. It is also associated with the mother goddesses in Hinduism as a symbol for fertility.

Nelumbo Nucifera Nomenclature

Common names

  • Lotus, Hindu lotus and Indian lotus. Also, Indian lotus, Indian lotus.

Synonyms

Nelumbium nuciferum, Nelumbo caspica, Nelumbo komarovii, Nelumbo nucifera var. macrorhizomata, Nelumbo speciosa, Nymphaea nelumbo

Etymology

  • Nelumbo: New Latin from the Sinhalese Nelumba
  • Nucifera: From the Latin nux (“nut”) and -fer (“bearing”)

Origin

Tropical Asia

Lagoons, marshes and ponds up to 2.5m deep

Hardiness

USDA zone 4-10

Take care

Nelumbo nucifera is also known as the lotus flower. It’s a beautiful aquatic plants that adds elegance to any pond or garden. The lotus plant is easy to maintain, but there are some things you should keep in mind.

Soil: Nutritious loamy soil. The lotus loves nutrient-rich loamy soil to properly grow . You can either mix it yourself, or buy it at a gardening shop.

Light: To bloom and remain healthy, the lotus requires full sunlight. Artificial lighting may be required if your pond is located in shade.

Feeding: A lotus plant that is established should be fertilized every month during its growing season using tablets or granules for aquatic plants. Over-fertilizing can cause leaf burn. Follow the instructions on the fertilizer packet carefully.

Temperature: The lotus thrives in warm water. It needs between 23 and 27 degrees Celsius. It is better to grow the lotus in shallower areas.

Planting depth: The best place for it is near the water’s edge. It should be planted at least 30cm deep. It can grow up to 2.5m in warmer climates. However, it is better to plant it at a shallower depth where the water warms quickly in colder areas.

Overwintering: Also known as the lotus flower or Nelumbo Nucifera (also called the lotus flower), is an aquatic plant that originated in Asia. Although the lotus is often regarded as a symbol for purity and tranquility it can also adapt to many growing conditions. The lotus is often found in murky streams and ponds, which can make it difficult to receive sunlight. The plant is able to tolerate low-light conditions.

The lotus can be grown in a pond, aquarium or other water-based environment. It will often float on the water surface with its flowers and leaves reaching towards the sun. The lotus can withstand temperatures as low as minus 20 degrees Celsius and even freeze for a short time. If the lotus is in shallow water and is at risk of freezing during winter, you can either move it to deeper parts of the pond, or bring it inside until it has past danger. The lotus is a wonderful addition to any water garden if it is taken care of properly.

Propagation

Seed, division.

Instructions for sowing

The lotus (Nelumbo Nucifera), is an aquatic plant that is beautiful and is native to Asia. It has beautiful flowers in many colors, including pinks, whites, and yellow. It is associated with purity and spiritual awakening, and has been honored in many cultures for centuries. The plant thrives in humid, warm climates and requires lots of water. home is a good place to grow lotus if you have a favorable climate. These instructions will assist you in getting started.

Scarification is the first step to germinate lotus seeds. Scarification involves removing the seed’s hard outer layer and allowing water to penetrate. Use sandpaper or a sharp knife to scarify the seeds. After scarifying the seeds, you can place them in a container with non-chlorinated, 25-30 degree Celsius water. You should change the water every day and throw away any seeds that are floating to the surface. Usually, germinating occurs within 24 hours of scarification.

After the seeds have germinated, you need to place them in a container or pot with aqua plant soil . This type of soil is available at most gardening shops. The seeds should be planted about 2.5 cm deep. Keep the soil moist, but not wet. Place the container or pot in an area that will receive indirect sunlight and maintain a temperature of 25° Celsius. The seeds should begin to sprout in 2-3 weeks.

After the seedlings reach a height of approximately 15 cm, you can transplant them into a larger container or pot. Use an aquatic soil and plant the seedlings at a similar depth to what they were in the smaller container. Place the container or pot in indirect sunlight to keep the soil moist. Within a few months, the seedlings will begin to bloom and continue growing.

The lotus can add beauty and longevity to any garden if it is taken care of properly.

  • The seeds have a hard coating, so they should be scarified
  • Place the seeds into non-chlorinated water between 25-30 degrees Celsius
  • Every day, change the water
  • Toss the seeds that float; they are likely dead
  • After the seed germinates you can repot it in a 10 cm pot with loam.
  • Seeds germinate within 24 hours after scarification
  • The pot should be placed in warm water to a depth of 5 cm
  • It can be placed outside when the water temperature reaches at least 15 degrees Celsius, in a pot with no drainage holes
  • It won’t likely bloom in the first year.

Division

The rhizome can be divided in late winter when the plants are in vegetative sleep. When the plant is in vegetative sleep, the rhizome can be split. When dividing the Rhizome, it is important to not damage the growing tip.

Each piece of Rhizome should have at most one growing tip. Cuttings can be placed in individual pots covered with at least 10 cm loam. Keep the plants at a depth of 10-30 cm underwater. The beautiful sacred lotus adds beauty and color any aquarium.

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