Phyllostachys edulis: The Perfect Bamboo for Your Garden

  • By: Mercedes
  • Date: September 2, 2022
  • Time to read: 4 min.

Phyllostachys edulis is a beautiful, versatile bamboo that you can add to your garden. This bamboo can be used in many ways and is suitable for all types of landscapes. Continue reading to find out more about this remarkable bamboo species.

Phyllostachys Edulis

Phyllostachys edulis is the only giant bamboo that can withstand extreme temperatures. It is one of the fastest-growing species, capable of growing 1 meter within 24 hours.

Although it can grow to over 20m high, the bamboo grows to 7-8m in 15 years if it is well-watered. It is also important to choose the right strain: offspring of hardy plants are often equally resilient. You should only choose seeds and shoots that have been proven to be hardy.

It’s important to remember that you might need to wait more than 10 years for a height that is considered a giant. A good rule of thumb is to give your plants plenty of fertilizer, lots of water, and a warm place. Phyllostachys edulis, an impressive plant, is worth the wait if you want to give your garden some wow factor.

Phyllostachys edulis: The Perfect Bamboo for Your Garden
Phyllostachys edulis: The Perfect Bamboo for Your Garden

Important Remark

The Phyllostachys Edulis is a Chinese species of bamboo. This fast-growing, flexible plant can grow up to 60 feet. It is used for landscaping and construction.

The Phyllostachys Edulis is also very invasive and can spread easily via seed and its running rhizome. If it is not controlled, it can quickly take over a yard and damage other plants, disrupting the natural ecosystem.

It is important to maintain the rhizomes of the moso-bamboo and place a barrier. The Phyllostachys Edulis is a useful and beautiful addition to any landscape if it is managed properly.

Phyllostachys Edulis – Description

Phyllostachys Edulis is an evergreen, also known as the Moso or Moso bamboo. It grows quickly. Because it is a running bamboo, it can spread quickly through an area thanks to its shallow roots. The plant’s culms (or stalks), can reach up to 20 meters in height and 40 cm in diameter.

Their color changes from blue-green to yellow as they age. They are usually 40 cm long, but may be shorter or swollen closer to the base of culm. If the node bears branches, the nodal ridge is the elevated portion of the node that runs longitudinally along the length of the culm. It isn’t very prominent.

Phyllostachys Edulis
Phyllostachys Edulis

The newly formed node is covered in a white powdery substance. This eventually fades as they age. Pubescence, which is a hair-like structure on the Moso bamboo, also covers it. These structures are dense at the base of young culms, but they become less dense as they get taller. The protective layer that covers new shoots when they emerge is called the culm sheath. It is usually yellow-brown, purple-brown, and covered with hair.

The Phyllostachys edulis bamboo species is a native of China. The plant can grow to about 15 m in height and has light-colored leaves.

The leaves measure between 4 and 11 cm in length, and are 0.5 to 1.2 cm wide. The flower blooms once every 50-100 year and is hermaphrodite. The plant doesn’t die after flowering and not all flowers at once. This bamboo species is used in China for paper and timber production.

Phyllostachys Edulis

Phyllostachys edulis is a well-known ornamental plant. It can also be used for food and medicine. Young shoots can be eaten, and the wood can be used to make utensils, umbrellas and poles, as well as for water pipes, umbrellas and scaffolding. It is believed to have medicinal properties. Although the plant is native to China it has been introduced to other parts. It is considered an auspicious plant in China.

Usage:

  • Food: Young shoots can be eaten
  • medicinal
  • Ornamental
  • Wood: To make utensils, poles and poles for food, water pipes, umbrellas, and scaffolding…

Nomenclature:

Common names for Phyllostachys Edulis:

Moso bamboo and tortoiseshell bamboo

Synonyms:

Bambos moosoo, Bambusa heterocycla, Bambusa pubescens, Phyllostachys edulis var. heterocycla, Phyllostachys heterocycla, Phyllostachys heterocycla var. pubescens Phyllostachys Pubescens, Phyllostachys Pubescens, Phyllostachys Pubescens var. heterocycla

Etymology:

Phyllostachys: From Ancient Greek phullon, (leaf), and stakhus, (ear of grain),

Edulis is a Latin word meaning “edible” that comes from the Latin edulis.

Mozo is a Chinese word that means “hairy bamboo”

Origin:

China is now widely grown in East Asia and Europe.

Habitat:

Ski slopes at mountain elevations below 1.600m

Hardiness:

USDA zone 6-10 (ideally USDA Zone 8-9)

Phyllostachys Edulis – Care

Phyllostachys Edulis – Soil

  • From light to heavy

Phyllostachys Edulis – Light

Sun or partial shade

Phyllostachys Edulis – Water

Maintain soil moisture

Phyllostachys Edulis – Feed

Use organic matter (or fertilizer) to fertilize your garden.

Phyllostachys Edulis – Propagation

Spring, seed, spring division, spring basal cane cuttings

Phyllostachys Edulis – Sowing instructions

  • Sow on the surface using moist sowing substrate
  • 20 degC
  • keep moist
  • Germination time: 2 to 3 weeks, or 3-6 months

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