Salacca zalacca – The Palmpedia Palm Grower’s Guide

  • By: Mercedes
  • Date: September 2, 2022
  • Time to read: 4 min.

Are you looking to bring some excitement to your garden’s landscape? You might want to try Salacca zalacca or the Palmpedia palm. With its striking foliage and unique fruit, this plant will be a hit with everyone.

This article will give you all the information that you need to start your Salacca zalacca plant. We will discuss the climate requirements, soil preferences and propagation methods. Keep reading if you want to give your garden a tropical touch.

Salacca zalacca - The Palmpedia Palm Grower's Guide
Salacca zalacca – The Palmpedia Palm Grower’s Guide

Salacca zalacca

Salacca zalacca is a tropical fruit native to Southeast Asia. It is approximately the same size as a small apple and has scaly brownish-red skin. The fruit contains a sweet, white pulp that surrounds large seeds.

In Southeast Asian cuisines, snake fruits are used as either a fresh or dried ingredient. The fruit’s fresh flavor can be slightly acidic. Some believe it is beneficial in traditional medicine. Snake fruit is an exotic, unique ingredient that will add flavor to any dish.

Salacca zalacca - The Palmpedia Palm Grower's Guide
Salacca zalacca – The Palmpedia Palm Grower’s Guide

Salak Fruit

Salak fruit is also known as snakefruit. It’s a palm tree that produces the same edible fruit. Its brown, scaly appearance is what gives it its name. Salak fruits can be found most often in Southeast Asia where they are used in many culinary dishes. Salak fruit can be eaten fresh or candied. Although the salak fruit isn’t very attractive, it is easy to care for and fast-growing . Salak trees might be worth looking at if you are looking for a unique way to enhance your landscape.

Salak fruit is a type palm that is indigenous to Southeast Asia. Although the salak fruit looks similar to a coconut it has a brownish, scaly outer. The flesh is sweet and white, with a sweet flavor. Salak fruits can be eaten fresh but can also be used to make jams or desserts. The salak fruit is delicious and rich in vitamins, minerals.

It’s a great source of vitamin C as well as many other vitamins and minerals. Saponin, a substance found in salak fruits, has been proven to have anticancer and antioxidant properties. Consuming salak fruits could have some health benefits.

Salak fruit, also known by the name snake fruit, can be found in palm trees that produce edible fruit. It is usually brown in color and covered with scales. This gives it its name. Salak fruit is found most often in Southeast Asia and is used in traditional dishes.

Although the tree isn’t very ornamental, it is an excellent grower. Sowing seeds is a great way to have fun if you happen upon salak fruit in your local market. You will enjoy fresh, delicious fruits for many years.

Salak Fruit Description

The trunk crawls just below the surface and leaves only the terminal portion above ground. It is prolific in producing suckers and can grow in dense groups.

Pinnate leaves can grow to 3-7m in length. Many long spines are found on the leaf sheaths and petioles as well as leaflets.

The leaflets can be 20-70 cm in length and 27.5 cm wide.

The plant is dioecious. Inflorescences are composed of several axillary spadices and surrounded by a spathe. The male inflorescence measures 50-100cm long and is composed of 4-12 spadices, each measuring 7-15cm long. The female inflorescence measures 20-30 cm and is composed of 1-3 spadices that measure 7-10 cm.

The fruit is a globose or ellipsoid, drupe. It measures 5-7 cm in length and 5 cm in width. The skin is made up of many small, fragile spines and overlapping scales that range from yellow to brown. The flesh contains 2-3 seeds and 3 lobes made of white pulp. The flesh tastes similar to pineapple.

Salak Fruit Usage

This palm is primarily grown for its edible fruits. It can also be used to block out traffic: trunks with strong spines and dense growth make it almost impossible for anyone to penetrate.

Salak palm is an Indonesian species. The salak palm is grown for its edible fruit. It has a unique, snake-like form. Although the fruit can be eaten fresh, it can also make juices and jams. Salak palms can also be used to create a barrier. Their densely cultivated trunks with strong spines make them almost indestructible. This makes it a great choice for security fencing and hedging plants. The Salak palm is also a popular ornamental plant. It is found in numerous public parks and gardens throughout Indonesia.

Salak Fruit Nomenclature

Salak Fruit Common Names

Salak, snake fruit, and snake-skinned fruits

Synonyms

Calamus zalaccan Salacca edulis, Salakka edulis

Etymology

Salacca, zalacca – Common name derived from Javanese salak.

Origin

Although the exact source is not known, it grows wild in Java or Sumatra.

Habitat

Plains, swampy rainforests between 0-500m

Hardiness

USDA zone 10-11

Salak Fruit Care

Soil

Permanently moist soil, slightly acidic

Exposure

Sun or partial shade

Plantules should be kept in partial shade. Older plants can tolerate direct sun.

Water

At all times, keep the soil moist

Feed

Fertilizer for Palm Trees, twice per month, nothing in winter

Handling

Handling the many thorns requires gloves

Propagation

Seed, division, and layering

Instructions for sowing

  • Seeds should be fresh because they quickly lose viability.
  • Cover the soil with moist sphagnum, potting soil or sand and cover it with a plastic bag
  • 30 degC
  • Germination time: 4-5 Days

Division

You can separate the suckers from the parent plant simply by cutting the underground root trunk.

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